Varanasi is one of the holiest cities of India and famously known by various names like Banaras and Kashi. It is situated on the banks of River Ganga in Uttar Pradesh, India. This place is among the most valued religious destinations in India. Varanasi holds a significant place in Hindu religion, as people believe those who die in this city achieve salvation. It comprises of many temples and among the holiest of pilgrimages dedicated to Lord Shiva. So, if you are planning to visit this place, then go through this Varanasi Tour and Travel Guide from Splendid Vacations.
Kashi Vishwanath Temple This temple was constructed by Rani Ahalyabai Holkar of Indore in the 18th century. Lord Shiva is the patron deity of this temple and the idol is a jyotirlinga, which is one of the 12 jyotirlingas in India. The two stunning domes of this temple were covered by the gold donated by Punjab Kesari Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in the year 1839. A must see tourist attraction, if you are visiting Varanasi.
Dasaswamedh Ghat It is one of the prominent Ghats that is situated on the banks of river Ganges. This Ghat is visited by many Hindu devotees in huge number due to its religious significance and regarded as one of the oldest Ghats of Varanasi. The evening Aarti at the ghat attracts many devotees, who immerse earthen lamps in the water of holy Ganges, providing a beautiful view of the dusk.
Assi Ghat This ghat is located at the assemblage of Assi and Ganges river and a sacred place where the pilgrims offer prayers to a huge shivalingam placed under a Peepal tree. Assi Ghat has several references in the early literature of the Hindu religion, as it is mentioned in various books like Kashi Khanda, Kurma Purana, Padma Purana, Matsya Purana, and Agni purana.
Ramnagar Fort It was constructed by Maharaja Balwant Singh in the 18th century and located on the opposite bank of river Ganges. This ancestral home of the Maharaja of Banaras is made up of red sandstone and comprises of a museum and temple inside the premises. The usage of glossy stones and marble stones reflect Islamic as well as Indian style of architecture. The beautiful pavilions, open courtyards and carved balconies are the main highlights of this fort.
Bharat Mata Temple This beautiful temple was constructed by a Gandhian follower, Babu Shiv Prasad Gupt in the year 1936. It is located within the campus of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth and the shrine is made up of marble dedicated to Mother India. This temple is a hallmark of undivided India with a three-dimensional view, exhibiting the precise proportions of hills, oceans and lands.
Durga Temple This temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga and also known as the monkey temple. It was built by a Bengali Maharani during 18th century. It possesses Nagara or North Indian style of architecture. According to a legend, the idol in this temple has emerged on its own.
Banaras Hindu University This is a public central university located in Varanasi and was established by Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya in the year 1916. It spreads over 1,300 acres and was built on the land donated by the Kashi Naresh, the hereditary ruler of Banaras. This university is also known as BHU and considered as one of the largest residential universities in Asia with more than 20,000 students. It comprises of 140 departments, 14 faculties (streams) and 4 institutes.